ACS Biomater Sci Eng. 2022 Sep 8. Epub 2022 Sep 8. PMID: 36073984
Accelerated Bone Regeneration by an Astaxanthin-Modified Antioxidant Aerogel through Relieving Oxidative Stress via the NRF2 Signaling Pathway.
Bone regeneration of critical-sized bone defects (CSBDs) with biomimetic collagen-based aerogels remains a significant challenge due to the oxidative stress on the microenvironment. The excessive oxidative stress could induce apoptosis and dysfunction of host-derived cells. Astaxanthin (ATX) exhibits excellent antioxidant ability to block free radical chain reactions. In the present study, hybrid antioxidant collagen-derived aerogels (ATX-Col aerogels) were fabricated by a simple one-step method through the covalent cross-linking of Col and ATX. The resulting ATX-Col aerogels show porous and interconnected structures due to freeze-drying strategies. The ATX-Col aerogels exhibited excellent biocompatibility and biosafety. Furthermore, ATX-Col aerogels demonstrated favorable antioxidant capacity by eliminating intracellular ROS by activating the NRF2 signaling pathway. Finally, excellent reparative effects in repairing rat cranial defects were observed in ATX-Col aerogels. Taken together, ATX-Col aerogels can accelerate bone regeneration by relieving oxidative stress via the NRF2 signaling pathway and act as a potential bone graft for CSBD. This study provides a simple method of developing antioxidant aerogels for bone regeneration.